Google Maps Street View.
Above: The 1750s farmhouse, with a later addition. The farmhouse roof on the opposite side of this view, facing the barn, is the only surviving 18th-century, clay-tile roof in Lancaster County.
Lancaster County is filled with remarkable farmsteads, and the Isaac Long farm is uniquely remarkable, here, because of its important history and its historic architecture.
This farmstead it is the birthplace of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ. This church originated on this farm in 1767, and is a parent organization of today's United Methodist Church.
A historical marker near this barn explains, " Isaac Long's Barn / At this farm-barn site May 10, 1767, 1000 people gathered for a 'Great Meeting'. 'We are Brethren' exclaimed Rev. Philip W. Otterbein to [Mennonite] preacher Martin Boehm, the first two bishops of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ, organized thirty years later."
"Both the United Brethren in Christ Church, and The United Methodist Church trace part of their history to the 1767 meeting at this barn site."
Satellite View on Google Maps:(Right Pin: Isaac Long Farm. Left Pin: Long-Stahl Farm.)
View this farm in a larger Google map.
This farmstead is architecturally among the most significant Lancaster County farmsteads.
The Isaac Long barn was built in 1754, and the adjoining house was built around that same decade, by Mennonite immigrants Hans and Anna (Snavely) Long. The barn is the earliest-known, dated Pennsylvania-German barn. It has a lintel dated 1754. The barn originally was built as a Grundscheier barn, a ground barn, It has a vaulted cellar under the barn hill, and a rare, earlier cellar below the feed entry. The barn had a thatched roof until 1866.
The Germanic Clay-Tile Roof on the Long Farmhouse:
The Long farmhouse roof is a Lancaster County architectural landmark. This Germanic farmhouse has the only surviving 18th-century, clay-tile roof in Lancaster County. This stone house was built as two-story, central-chimney structure. The central fireplace was removed ca. mid-1800s. The farm has remained in the Long and Landis families to the present day.
Google Maps Satellite View.
Above: The Germanic clay-tile roof on the Long farmhouse, as seen on Google Maps satellite view (my arrow added). This is the only surviving 18th-century, clay-tile roof in Lancaster County.
Family Records of the Long Family who Built the Long Barn and House:
Above: Long family records in a 1748 Ephrata Martyrs' Mirror. Clarke Hess Collection.
These family records were penned in German script by Joseph Long, born 1727. Joseph was the son of the Longs who built the house and barn here at the Long Farm: Johannes Long and Anna (Snavely) Long.
Included are the birth records of Johannes and Anna, and the records of Joseph's siblings, plus the records of Joseph's children.
The first sentences translates "Anno 1693 the 10th day of June was my father Johannes Lang [Long] born into this world in Hessen Land [Germany] in the village Zennern. Anno 1706 in January was my mother Anna Schnebelin [Snavely] born into this world in Elsas [Alsace] in the village of Boesenbiesen [Alsace]." These records also explain that Johannes emigrated here in 1722 and that Anna emigrated in 1723.
A ca. 1897 Red Child's Dress,
Made for Katie H. Landis, the Seventh Generation of Longs and Landises Living on this Farm:
Above: Katie H. Landis (1896-1985) came from a long line of Mennonite farm families who lived on this Long / Landis farm. Her earliest relatives here were the immigrants Johannes Long and wife Anna (Schnebele) Long, who appear previously on this page. Her brother's descendants continue to farm these fertile fields.
When Katie grew up she married Arthur Witmer (1895-1965). Katie and Arthur are buried together at Willow Street Mennonite Cemetery.
The red wool dress was probably sewn by her mother, Annie B. (Hess) Landis (1861-1940). The dress was sold at the auction of Katie's daughter in 2000. (Red Dress: Clarke Hess Collection)
Photos of the Long Barn in 1941,
by the Historic American Buildings Survey:
Above: The 1754 date inscribed on a door of the Long Barn.
These terrific photographs of the Long Barn are compliments of President Roosevelt's New Deal. This was a works program created by the federal government during the Great Depression to help lift American workers out of unemployment. As part of this project, the National Park Service established the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) in 1933, to provide work for unemployed architects, draftsmen and photographers.
Some of Lancaster County's most historic buildings were photographed and documented during this time, including this Long Barn which was photographed by architect Charles H. Dornbusch. He later published the book Pennsylvania German Barns (1956).